Agriculture words and meanings- part II
by Kim Cooper
We are continuing our look at various terms and phrases related to the agriculture sector. Thank you to Farm and Food Care Ontario for their help with this.
Cow/calf farm – Beef cows and calves typically live on pasture in spring, summer and fall on farms called cow/calf farms where they eat a diet of mostly grasses.
Crop Rotation – Farmers use crop rotation to improve soil health and control pests. For example, the roots of a grain crop like wheat are similar to the grass in your lawn while the roots of corn tend to me more like a carrot, or tap root. Planting different crops each year also help keep insects and weeds from building up as different crops are appealing to different pests.
Drinkers – Automated water lines in barns for animals or poultry to drink from.
Dry Cow – A cow that is waiting to give birth and who is not producing milk.
E. coli 0157:H7 (Escherichia Coli 0157:H7) – A bacterium that lives harmlessly in the intestines of animals such as cattle. However, in humans the bacterium, which can be transmitted through foods, can cause bloody diarrhea, and also lead to a life threatening disease. Although other known strains of E. coli are thought to be harmless to humans, the 0157:H7 strain is particularly virulent and dangerous.
Farrow – The term used when a pig gives birth.
Feed – Commercially prepared food for animals made from grain, fortified with vitamins and minerals to optimize animal nutrition.
Feeder Pig – Piglet after it is weaned from the sow (its mother). They are also known as “weaner” pigs.
Feeders – Automated feed machines which dispense chicken feed (they allow the birds’ 24-hour access to feed).
Feedlot – Cattle being raised for market are moved to feedlots (penned yards) from the open range and pastures for the final months before marketing. They’re fed a high-energy diet of grains, corn or hay silage or hay. The consistent, high quality feed brings them to market weight faster than on grass alone.
Foot-and-mouth Disease (FMD) – A major disease of cloven-footed animals (e.g., cattle and pigs).
Free Stall dairy barn – In this type of barn, dairy cows are housed in large group pens or individual stalls. They get milked by walking to a milking parlour or a milking robot.
Genetic Engineering – Use of specific laboratory techniques to introduce gene(s) from one species into the genome of another.
Genetic Modification – Changing the genetic traits of an organism by intentional manipulations or modifications either through traditional plant breeding or genetic engineering.
Gestation – Length of pregnancy.
Green Manure – A crop planted with the intention of turning it under for use as organic matter.
Groundwater – Water within the earth that supplies wells and springs.
Hay – A mixture of grass and legumes, like alfalfa. It is most commonly used in two ways: Haylage: the hay is cut, chopped and stored in a loose way in a storage silo, while it is still moist. Hay: usually cut after haylage when the plants are taller, it is allowed to dry in the field. It is then baled into round or square bales and stored under cover.
Remember that here in Chatham-Kent ‘WE GROW FOR THE WORLD’. Check out our community’s agricultural website at: wegrowfortheworld.com
Kim Cooper has been involved in the agribusiness sector for over 40 years. He can be reached at: firstname.lastname@example.org
You can also follow him on Twitter at ‘theAGguy’